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Forest Report 2021 PDF

Forest Report 2021 PDF has been released by Forest Survey of India under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change.

What is the India State of Forest Report 2021? 

It is an assessment of India’s forest and tree cover, published every two years by the Forest Survey of India under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change. The first survey was published in 1987, and ISFR 2021 is the 17th.

The Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC) on Thursday released the India State of Forest Report (ISFR) 2021. The report showed a continuing increase in forest cover across the country, but experts flagged some of its other aspects as causes for concern, such as a decline in forest cover in the Northeast, and a degradation of natural forests.

The India State of Forest Report has found the country’s forest cover has increased by 1,540 sq km since 2019. But a decline in the Northeast, and degradation of natural forests are a concern, experts note.


What are the key findings of Forest Report 2021? 

  1. Forest report 2021 has found that the forest and tree cover in the country continues to increase with an additional cover of 1,540 square kilometres over the past two years. 
  2. India’s forest cover is now 7,13,789 square kilometres, 21.71% of the country’s geographical area, an increase from 21.67% in 2019. Tree cover has increased by 721 sq km. 
  3. The states that have shown the highest increase in forest cover are Telangana (3.07%), Andhra Pradesh (2.22%) and Odisha (1.04%). 
  4. Five states in the Northeast – Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram and Nagaland have all shown loss in forest cover.
  5. Mangroves have shown an increase of 17 sq km. India’s total mangrove cover is now 4,992 sq km. 
  6. The survey has found that 35.46 % of the forest cover is prone to forest fires. Out of this, 2.81 % is extremely prone, 7.85% is very highly prone and 11.51 % is highly prone.
  7. The total carbon stock in country’s forests is estimated at 7,204 million tonnes, an increase of 79.4 million tonnes since 2019.
  8. Bamboo forests have grown from 13,882 million culms (stems) in 2019 to 53,336 million culms in 2021.


India's moderately dense forest area decreased by 1,582 sq km to 306,890 sq km in 2021, from 308,472 sq km in 2019. Odisha lost the most area under moderately dense forest. It decreased to 20,995 sq km in 2021, from 21,552 sq km in 2019. Odisha ranks among the top five states in India in terms of increase in total forest area.


Five Indian states where total forest area has increase

StateTotal Forest Area 2021Total Forest Area 2019Increase (in sq km)
Andhra Pradesh29,78429,137647
Telangana21,21420,582632
Odisha52,15651,619537
Karnataka38,73038,575155
Jharkhand23,72123,611110

 

Five Indian states where total forest area has decreased

StateTotal Forest Area 2021Total Forest Area 2019Decrease (in sq km)
Arunachal Pradesh66,43166,688257
Manipur16,59816,847249
Nagaland12,25112,486235
Mizoram17,82018,006186
Meghalaya17,04617,11973


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