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National Farmers Day 2021 || Why India celebrates Kisan Diwas? || Contribution of Ex-PM Chaudhary Charan Singh in Indian Agriculture

National Farmers day 2021,national farmers day 2021 banner, kisan diwas 2021
National Farmers Day 2021
National Farmers day 2021,national farmers day 2021 banner, kisan diwas 2021
National Farmers Day 2021
 

"National Farmers’ Day or Kisan Diwas" is celebrated every year on December 23 to mark the birth anniversary of former prime minister Chaudhary Charan Singh. It is a day to acknowledge and praise the role India’s farmers or the ‘Annadata’ play in the nation’s society, economy and food security.

Choudhary Charan Singh once said, "The true India resides in its villages."

 

History of Kisan Diwas / National Farmers Day:

Chaudhary Charan Singh, the Kisan Leader, served the country for a very short period from July 28, 1979, to January 14, 1980. He had introduced several welfare schemes for the farmers and wrote several books on farmers and their problems depicting various solutions to improve the lives of the farmers of the nation. Therefore the government, in 2001, decided to mark Charan Singh's birth anniversary as Kisan Diwas.

Chaudhary Charan Singh followed the famous slogan - "JAI JAWAN JAI KISAN" which was given to the farmers by Lal Bahadur Shastri, the second Prime Minister of India.

 

Significance of National Farmers Day 2021:

India is primarily the land of villages in which the majority of the population is farmers having agriculture as their main source of income. However, despite being the most prominent means of life for so many people, not many are aware of the problems that farmers face. 

People remain ignorant about the necessary information about this sect of the country. Therefore celebrations work on educating people about these issues, and also focused on empowering the farmers themselves with the latest learnings of the agricultural sector. 

On Farmer's day several debates, forums, discussions, quizzes, and competitions are organized to discuss the various issues related to farmers and cultivation.


Who was Chaudhary Charan Singh and what was his connection with farmers?

Chaudhary Charan Singh is a remarkable testimony to the fact that, despite having humble beginnings and living a plain lifestyle, one can go on to do great things. He was a very simple-minded man and led an extremely simple life. During his tenure as the Prime Minister, he introduced many policies to improve the life of Indian farmers. The magnetic personality of Chaudhary Charan Singh and various beneficial policies in the favor of farmers united all the farmers of India against the landlords and moneylenders.

Chaudhary charan singh photo HD
Late ex-PM Shri Chaudhary charan singh

  • Shri Chaudhary Charan Singh held office as the Prime Minister of India from 28th July 1979 to 14th January 1980. 
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh was born on December 23, 1902, in Hapur, Uttar Pradesh. 
  • He was the 5th Prime Minister of the country. 
  • He was known as the leader of Indian farmers. 
  • He believed that casteism was the root cause of slavery and that a country cannot achieve equality and prosperity with the prevalence of caste system. 
  • He pioneered in framing some of the most crucial policies needed to improve the condition of farmers during his tenure. 
  • Chaudhary Charan Singh became the first non-congress CM of UP and Prime Minister in 1979.

Famous quotes by Shri Chaudhary Charan Singh:

The true India resides in its villages.

Simplicity doesn't mean to live in misery and poverty. You have what you need, and you don't want to have what you don't need.

Have patience ! In time, even grass becomes milk.

Even for our enemies in misery, there should be tears in our eyes.

 

Charan Singh was no stranger to the struggles faced by the Indian farmer. He was born in to a middle-class peasant family in Uttar Pradesh on December 23, 1902. Greatly influenced by the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi, he took an active part in the fight for independence. After that, his political career largely focused on socialism in rural India

Charan Singh served twice as chief minister of India’s biggest agrarian state, Uttar Pradesh, where he played a major role in shaping land reforms. He was behind several major farmer-forward Bills, including the "Land Utilisation Bill of 1939" and the "Debt Redemption Bill in 1939"

While serving as agriculture minister in 1952, he led UP in its efforts to abolish the zamindari system. In fact, he went on to draft the UP Zamindari and Land Reforms Bill himself. 

He cared and worked for rural people throughout his life. He was a farmer in thought and deed. Charan Singh was the first ‘kisan‘ prime minister, deputy prime minister and twice chief minister of Uttar Pradesh, a Union home and finance minister, but he never forgot about the farmers and villages. He played a pivotal role in re-organising the political economy of agriculture in Uttar Pradesh by drafting and enacting different bills for agricultural reforms before and after Independence.

Chaudhary charan singh Quotes,slogens
Chaudhary Charan Singh Quotes

In 1952, he became the Revenue Minister of the state of Uttar Pradesh. He was dedicated to enforcing and implementing the provisions of the Zamindari Abolition and Land Reform Act of which he was the major architect. It has been argued by leading political scientists that success of Indian Democracy lies in successful implementation of this reform. Pakistan on the other hand did not have similar reforms, and the power is concentrated amongst the few powerful landlords or Zamindar who run their lands as their private fiefdom, and use their influence to further their wealth. Charan Singh opposed Nehru on his Soviet style economic reforms. 

Charan Singh was of the opinion that cooperative farms would not succeed in India. Being a son of a farmer, Charan Singh opined that the right of ownership was important to the farmer in remaining a cultivator. Charan Singh's political career suffered due to his open criticism of Nehru's economic policy. In 1950's, no one questioned Nehru in India.

Chaudhary Charan Singh became an architect of India's national system of agrarian alliances. He became the chief minister of the state in 67-68 and again in 70. Charan Singh left the Congress party in 1967, and formed his own political party. He had two short stints as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh in 1967, and later in 1970. 

In 1975, he was jailed again, but this time by then Indian Prime Minister Indira Gandhi. She had declared the state of 'Internal Emergency' and jailed all her political opponents. After the Emergency was lifted and the elections for Lok Sabha were held, the Indian people voted her out; and the Janta Party, of which Chaudhary Charan Singh was a senior leader, came into power. However, he resigned after just 24 weeks in office when Indira Gandhi's Congress Party withdrew support to the government. Charan Singh said he resigned because he was not ready to be blackmailed into withdrawing Indira Gandhi's emergency-related court cases. Fresh elections were held six months later. Charan Singh continued to lead the Lok Dal in opposition until his death in 1987.

Late ex-PM Chaudhary Charan Singh

Books Authored by Chaudhary Charan Singh:

Charan Singh was a prolific writer and had authored several books & Reports. Some of them are: 

  1. Zamindari Abolition and Land Reforms Committee Report in 1948
  2. Abolition of Zamindari: Two Alternatives (1947)
  3. India's Economic Policy - The Gandhian Blueprint 
  4. Economic Nightmare of India - Its Cause and Cure 
  5. Joint Farming X-Rayed: The Problem and Its Solution (1959)
  6. India’s Poverty and Its Solution (1964)


Contribution of Ex-PM Chaudhary Charan Singh in Indian Agriculture:

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