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Elementary Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology ICAR Ecourse Free PDF Book Download e krishi shiksha

Elementary Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology ICAR Ecourse Free PDF Book Download e krishi shiksha
Elementary Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology ICAR Ecourse Free PDF Book Download e krishi shiksha

Elementary Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology ICAR Ecourse PDF Book was developed by ICAR e Krishi Shiksha and TNAU. You Can easily  Download it from our website IARI Toppers by clicking on the below given link.We have provided the latest version of Elementary Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology ICAR Ecourse PDF Book but some mistakes can be found. If you found  any mistake,  error in this PDF book than feel free to comment below.

Course Content of  Elementary Plant Biochemistry and Biotechnology ICAR Ecourse Free PDF Book Download e krishi shiksha:

Theory
  • CarbohydratesOccurrence classification and structure, 
  • physical and chemical properties of carbohydratesisomerism, optical activity, reducing property, reaction with acids and alkalis, osazone formation. 
  • Lipids: Classification, important fatty acids and triglycerides, essential fatty acids
  • Physical and chemical constants of oils, their rancidity, phospholipids, types and importance. 
  • Plant pigments – structure and function of chlorophyll and carotenoidsSterols, basic structure, role of brassinosterols in plants. 
  • Proteins: Classification, function and solubility, 
  • Amino acids – classification and structure, essential amino acids, properties of amino acids, colour reactions, amphoteric nature and isomerism; structure of proteins – primary, secondary tertiary and quaternary. 
  • Properties and reaction of proteins. 
  • Enzymes:Classification and mechanism of action; factors affecting enzyme action, co-factors and coenzymes. 
  • Vitamins and minerals as co-enzymes/co-factors. 
  • Carbohydrate metabolism – glycolysis and TCA-cycle; Metabolism of lipids, fatty acid oxidation, biosynthesis of fatty acids, Electron transport chain, bioenergetics of glucose and fatty acids. 
  • Structure and function of nucleic acid, replication, transcription and translation. 
  • History of biotechnology. 
  • Fundamental principles, micro-propagation and scope for commercialization. 
  • Application of micro-grafting in horticultural crops, meristem culture, anther culture, pollen culture, embryo culturecallus culture, cell culture, somoclonal variation,protoplast isolation, culture, fusion and applications
  • Cryopreservation
  • Genetic engineering. 
  • Future scope and present trends. 
  • Importance of biotechnology in horticulture.
Practical
  • Preparation of standard solutions and reagents. 
  • Carbohydrates – qualitative reaction, estimation of starch, reducing and non-reducing sugars; reaction of proteins, estimation of proteins by Biuret method. 
  • Estimation of free fatty acids; determination of iodine number of vegetable oils. 
  • Vitamins – estimation of ascorbic acid. Paper and thin layer chromatography. 
  • Sterilization techniques – composition and preparation of media – micropropagation of tomato. 
  • Callus culture, sub-culturing, induction of rooting-techniques in hardening. 


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