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Crop Physiology ICAR E course Free PDF Book Download e krishi shiksha

Crop Physiology ICAR E course PDF Book was developed by ICAR e Krishi Shiksha and TNAU. You Can easily  Download it from our website IARI Toppers by clicking on the below given link.  We have provided the latest version of  Crop Physiology ICAR Ecourse PDF Book but some mistakes can be found. If you found  any mistake,  error in this PDF book than feel free to comment below.
Crop Physiology ICAR E course Free PDF Book Download e krishi shiksha
Crop Physiology ICAR E course Free PDF Book Download e krishi shiksha

Course Content of  Crop Physiology ICAR E course Free PDF Book Download e krishi shiksha:

  1. Introduction – Importance of crop physiology in agriculture.
  2. Role and significance of water – diffusion, imbibition, osmosis and its significance, plasmolysis.
  1. Definition – field capacity, water holding capacity of soil and permanent wilting point.
  2. Absorption of water – mode of water absorption – active and passive absorption and factors affecting absorption.
  1. Translocation of solutes – phloem and xylem transport.
  2. Transpiration – types – Steward’s theory of mechanism – significance, factors affecting transpiration and guttation – antitranspirants.
  1. Mineral nutrition – introduction – criteria of essentiality of elements – macro, secondary and micronutrients – soil less culture – sand and hydroponics.
  1. Mechanism of uptake – physiological role of nutrients.
  2. Foliar diagnosis – nutritional and physiological disorders – foliar nutrition- fertigation
  3. Photosynthesis – requirements of photosynthesis – light, CO2, pigments and H20.
  4. Mechanism of photosynthesis – light reaction – cyclic and non cyclic photophosphorylation – Red drop – Emerson Enhancement Effect.
  1. Photosynthetic pathways – C3, C4 and CAM.
  2. Differences between C3, C4 and CAM pathways – Factors affecting photosynthesis.
  3. Photorespiration – photorespiration process and significance of photorespiration.
  4. Respiration – Glycolysis, TCA and Pentose Phosphate Pathway.
  5. Oxidative phosphorylation – differences between oxidative phosphorylation and photophosphorylation. Respiratory quotient and energy budgeting in respiration.
  1. Factors affecting respiration – difference between photorespiration and dark respiration – role of respiration.
  1. Protein and fat synthesis.
  2. Photoperiodism – short day, long day and day neutral plants – phytochrome. Role of phytochrome in flowering and regulation of flowering.
  1. Transmission of stimulus – theories of flowering.
  2. Vernalisation – mechanism of vernalisation and its significance – devernalisation.
  3. Source sink relationship – yield components – harvest index and its importance
  4. Growth – growth curve, phases of growth and factors influencing growth
  5. Growth analysis – LAI, LAD, SLW, SLA, LAR, NAR, RGR and CGR in relation to crop productivity.
  1. Plant growth regulators – growth hormones – definition and classification – physiological role of auxins and GA.
  1. Physiological role of Cytokinin, Ethylene and ABA – synthetic growth regulators and their uses in crop productivity.
  1. Practical application of Plant Growth Regulators in crop productivity.
  2. Environmental stresses – water stress – physiological changes – adaptation to drought and amelioration.
  1. Temperature stress – Physiological changes – low and high temperature – chilling injury – tolerance – alleviation.
  1. Low light and UV radiation stresses – salt stress – physiological changes and alleviation.
  1. Global warming – Carbon Sequestration -physiological effects on crop productivity.
  2. Seed germination – physiological changes during seed germination.
  3. Abscission – senescence – ripening– types, causes, physiological and biochemical Changes and regulation.

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